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Saint Bernard

Size: Giant

Weight: 110 - 200 lbs.

Height: 25" - 30"

Life Span: 8 - 10 years

Health Problems: Hip or elbow dysplasia; lymphoma; osteocsarcoma; bloat; epilepsy; diabetes; hemophilia; eye problems; cardiomyopathy; pyotraumatic dermatitis

Origin: Switzerland

Also Known As: St. Bernhardshund, Alpine Mastiff, Hospice Dogs, Barry Hounds

Group: Guardian

Category: Companion Dog

Exercise Needs

Saint Bernards can be somewhat stubborn, so it can be difficult to get them to exercise. This breed prefers the cold weather and does not tolerate heat or humidity very well.

Grooming Needs

The Saint Bernard requires weekly brushing.

Temperament

If well-bred and trained, the Saint Bernard will be a gentle, affectionate companion that gets along well with children. However, poor training and breeding can result in a disobedient, dangerous pet. These dogs must have strict obedience training and early socialization in order to obtain the best temperament possible. Avoid playing aggressive games with your St. Bernard.

Compatibility with Kids

Gets along well wiith children

History

The Saint Bernard is an ancient breed most likely of Roman Molossian heritage. During the mid 1600s, the breed became popular when the monks of the Hospice of St. Bernard discovered these dogs had an uncanny ability for guiding and saving lost travelers crossing between Switzerland and Italy, as well as detecting avalanches. The most popular of all St. Bernards, Barry, was reputed to have saved more than 40 people. Thus, these dogs were commonly called Barryhunds. The breed was imported to England in the 1920s where it become extremely popular.

Pet Facts

The Saint Bernard is a drooler. The breed comes in both a longhair and shorthair version. The coat color is normally red, white and brindle with dark shadings on the ears and face.