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Size: Giant

Weight: 100 - 150 lbs.

Height: 26" - 28"

Life Span: 9 - 11 years

Health Problems: Hip dysplasia; subaortic stenosis; chronic drooling; easy weight gain that adds pressure to large frame.

Origin: Canada (1700s)

Also Known As: Newf, Newfie

Group: Herding / Guardian

Category: Companion Dog

Exercise Needs

The Newfoundland will be lazy if left to its own devices. Moderate exercise, such as walk and play, are required to help this breed stay fit and trim. This dog generally likes to swim.

Grooming Needs

Regular brushing is required to keep your Newfoundland's shedding under control. Occasional dry shampooing is recommended.


This breed is intelligent, good-natured, and "almost human." The Newfoundland is a gentle giant, but may be aggressive with other male dogs. This breed generally gets along with female dogs and small pets. The Newfoundland loves children and will be extremely protective of them (and adults). If a family member is threatened, the Newfoundland is likely to place itself between the intruder and the person being threatened. This breed is sociable and wants to be with people all of the time, especially when outdoors.

Compatibility with Kids

Excellent choice for kids, but supervise play to avoid accidental injury.


The exact origins of the Newfoundland are unknown, but it is suspected that it could descend from a cross of native Canadian Hounds, the now-extinct Greater St. John's Dog, the Labrador Retriever and / or the Tibetan Mastiff. The resulting breed was favored by fisherman in Newfoundland because it was adept at swimming and retrieving. These dogs would help fishermen retrieve nets and other items from the water. Today, the Newfoundland is a popular companion and is used in some countries as an official water rescue dog.

Pet Facts

One flaw in the Newfoundland's behavior is its overwhelming need to rescue people from the water -- whether they want rescued or not. Be patient with dogs that have this tendency, they are only acting out their basic protective and retrieving instincts.

Dog Food for Your Newfoundland

Large Breed Puppy 15 lb. Front Counter

Large Breed Puppy

Lower protein and fat levels than our Puppy Select Formula.

Large Breed Adult 15 lb. Front Counter

Large Breed Adult

Carefully formulated for the care and nutrition of large breed dogs.

Reduced Fat 6 lb. Front Counter

Reduced Fat Formula

30% less fat than Bil-Jac Adult Select.