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Size: Small

Weight: 8 - 10 lbs.

Height: 8" - 11"

Life Span: 12 - 15 years

Health Problems: Patellar luxation; deafness

Origin: France (1500s)

Also Known As: Epagneul Nain, Continental Toy Spaniel

Group: Companion

Category: Companion Dog

Exercise Needs

The Papillon needs little exercise, but will enjoy long, brisk walks.

Grooming Needs

The Papillon needs groomed several times per week, as well as trimmed quarterly (every 3 months).


Papillon's are gentle, friendly dogs that can be easily trained. If socialized early, this breed will adore children and other pets.

Compatibility with Kids

Good with children.


The Papillon was developed as a companion dog for royalty during the 1500s. Marie Antoinette and Madame de Pompadour were early lovers and owners of this breed.

Pet Facts

Papillon is the French word for "butterfly." Ideal for apartment dwellers and the elderly. This breed has been featured in paintings by Rembrandt, Rubens, Fragonard and Titian. Papillon's with "dropped ears" are referred to as phalenes."