At A Glance

Size: Small

Weight: 13 - 17 lbs.

Height: 12" - 15"

Life Span: 15+ years

Jack Russell Terrier

Also know as: Parson Jack Russell Terrier, "Jack"

Group: Terrier

Origin: Great Britain (1800s)

Today's Role: Companion Dog

History and Facts: A strain of the Wirehaired Fox Terrier, this breed was developed by Reverend Jack Russell in the 1800s. It was bred to be tall and fast enough to join horses in a fox hunt, and small enough to burrow foxes and vermin.

Temperament / Behavior
This is a high-energy, perky and fun breed. The Jack Russell Terrier is feisty and enjoys games and activities. It may become bored and destructive if its mind and body are not doing something at all times. Barking and digging are a normal part of life. While highly entertaining, the Jack also is difficult to train and is not recommended for first-time dog owners. It is considered an "escape artist" that can jump or climb most fences (invisible fence recommended). A combination of intelligence and independence makes this breed strong-willed -- an equally strong-willed owner is necessary. The Jack Russell Terrier is a big dog in a little dog body. It has a killer instinct and had been known to either kill or be killed in dog fights. Its snappish nature requires that it be kept away from most other pets and children (unless raised with them from a young age). As is evidenced by the breeds popularity in the entertainment industry, some Jacks are quite capable of being trained to be obedient and perform all kinds of tricks. However, proper training takes a lot of time, consistency and patience.

Breed-Related Health Concerns
Legg Perthes; hip joint disorder in small dogs; broken kneecaps; deafness; variety of inherited eye diseases

Special Needs
Exercise: The Jack Russell Terrier has a high level of indoor activity and requires lots of romp and play. This breed enjoys walks and outdoor play in a fenced yard.

Grooming: No special grooming requirements.


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