breedName

 

 

At A Glance


Size: Giant

Weight: 110 - 200 lbs.

Height: 25" - 30"

Life Span: 8 - 10 years

Saint Bernard

Also know as: St. Bernhardshund, Alpine Mastiff, Hospice Dogs, Barry Hounds

Group: Working

Origin: Switzerland

Today's Role: Companion Dog

History and Facts: The Saint Bernard is an ancient breed most likely of Roman Molossian heritage. During the mid 1600s, the breed became popular when the monks of the Hospice of St. Bernard discovered these dogs had an uncanny ability for guiding and saving lost travelers crossing between Switzerland and Italy, as well as detecting avalanches. The most popular of all St. Bernards, Barry, was reputed to have saved more than 40 people. Thus, these dogs were commonly called Barryhunds. The breed was imported to England in the 1920s where it become extremely popular.

Temperament / Behavior
If well-bred and trained, the Saint Bernard will be a gentle, affectionate companion that gets along well with children. However, poor training and breeding can result in a disobedient, dangerous pet. These dogs must have strict obedience training and early socialization in order to obtain the best temperament possible. Avoid playing aggressive games with your St. Bernard.

Breed-Related Health Concerns
Hip or elbow dysplasia; lymphoma; osteocsarcoma; bloat; epilepsy; diabetes; hemophilia; eye problems; cardiomyopathy; pyotraumatic dermatitis

Special Needs
Exercise: Saint Bernards can be somewhat stubborn, so it can be difficult to get them to exercise. This breed prefers the cold weather and does not tolerate heat or humidity very well.

Grooming: The Saint Bernard requires weekly brushing.

 

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